This study investigated dimensions that construct people’s attitudes toward domestic robots, and developed a comprehensive measurement by which to assess such dimensions. Potential elements of attitudes were extracted from participants’ free descriptions and interviews, as well as a literature review. A questionnaire-based investigation was conducted using these elements, and a 12-factor structure was extracted employing factor analysis. A measurement called the Multi-dimensional Robot Attitude Scale was proposed to assess attitudes towards robots based on 12 dimensions. The internal reliability and representativeness of the proposed scale were verified. The Multi-dimensional Robot Attitude Scale proposed in this study is designed to comprehensively assess attitudes towards domestic robots, allowing for a multifaceted understanding of people’s attitudes.